Featured Post

363. Deciphering Tulu-nadu place names

The readers would observe that many of the Tulu Place names may not convey, on the face of it, any specific meaning or apparent meanings...

Friday, January 17, 2014

328. Pune, Punacha, Punchame villages.

Pune (Poona or Puna) is a burgeoning metropolitan city in Maharastra. However the place Pune is not alone. There are numerous places called Pune (or its variants like Puna , Puni, Punia or Punay etc)  in different parts of India in States such as Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland.
The term puNa in Tulu language means dead body (peNa old Kannada; heNa in modern Kannada). However this may not be the meaning of the word Puna in coastal place names such as Punarur, Punacha, Punchame, Punchapadi, etc. Because none of these place names are exclusive to Karavali Tulunadu but found all over the country.

Pun(a) Villages in India.
We can find numerous villages in India named after Puna (plural Punar) tribes, of course with assorted spatial suffixes, some of which are common all over India irrespective of its diversity.
Andhra Pradesh: Punaguda, Punjanur, Punnole, Punem, Punukudu, Punnum, Punubuchampeta, Punuvalsa, Punukuru, Punukollu, Punaraka, Pungami, Punganur, Punnepalli, Punaraka. etc
Assam: Punirmukh, Punicherra, Pundibari, Punia, Puniagaon, Punia, etc
Bihar: Punar, Punarwara, Punaura, Pundale, Punach, Punwa, Punsia, Punadiah, Punesra, Punha, Puna,Pundark, Punawan, Punaidili, Punaul, etc
Chattisgarh: Punnoor, Punpalli, Punadih, Pungarpal, Punarkasa. etc
Goa: Punnola. etc
Haryana: Pundrak, Puniska, Puntawar etc
Himachal Pradesh: Punto, Puntwar, Punal, Punani, Puni, Puner, Punyal, Pundar, Puna, Punahan, Punahli, Punnar, Punan, Pundras, Punang. etc
Jammu & Kashmir: Punjvari, Punachetar, Puneja, Punwal, Punara, etc
Karnataka: Punajur, Pundahalli, Punaje, Pundanahalli, Punjihalli, Punagumarana-halli, Punacha, Punchapady, etc
Kerala: Punnayur, Punnapra, Punnala. Ponnani etc
Madhya Pradesh: Punchhari, Punawali, Punchhi, Punduwa, Punolhar, Punyakhed, Punapada,Punakheda, Puni, Punasa, Punhai, Punoli, Punda, etc
Maharastra: Punoti, Pungaon, Punkhede, Punnur, Punnaguda, Punwat, Pune, Punir,Pundhe, Pundas, Puntamba, Punatgaon, Punewad, Pungani, Punwar, etc
Manipur: Punge, Puni, etc
Nagaland: Puneboqa etc
Orissa: Punesia,Pundra,Pundal, Punanga,Punipada, Punjam, Punger, etc
Punjab: Punsai, Punga, Punj. etc
Rajastan: Punirsar, Punny, Punata,Punyana, Punsar, Punali, Punera, Punwalia, etc
Tamilnadu: Punganur, Punnamalai, Pundi,Punnai, Pungar, etc
Uttar Pradesh: Pundar,Punnar,Punda, Punapar. etc
Uttar khand: Punar,Pungroli,Pundori,Punoli. etc
West Bengal: Punia, Puncha, Punra, Pungila, Punja, etc

Punarpuli, Punake
Wild maroon colored berries are known as Punarpuli (Garcinia indica) in Karavali region.(Elsewhere it is known as Kokam, or  Birinda etc). Similarly the tamarind is known as Punake in Tulu. (Tamarindus indicaPunase/Hunase in Old/ Modern Kannada). There is a probability that these berries/fruits are named after the extinct Puna tribes.
Similarly, Poonacha is  a surname among people of Kodagu region

Origin
The wide distribution of Puna place names suggest that these places could have been named after a tribe that dissolved its identity and seamlessly assimilated into the Indian Diaspora. We do not find direct historical evidences for the now extinct Puna tribes.
1. One of the possibility is that the name refers to Hun people of Mongoloid origin (Hun>Pun) who invaded India around 6th Century CE.
2. The other possibility is that they might have been the migrant Austro-Asiatic tribes from Southeast Asia, related to some of the Punan tribes.
3. One more possibility is that these could have been an ancient segment of African Punu tribes.
Readers having interesting additional data on the topic may share their views in the comments section.


R



Blog Archive

Books for Reference

  • A Comparative Study of Tulu Dialects By Dr. Padmanabha Kekunnaya. Govinda Pai Reserach Centre, UDupi. 1994
  • Koti Chennaya: Janapadiya Adhyayana. By Dr. Vamana Nandavar. Hemanshu Prakashana ,Mangalore.2001.
  • Male kudiyaru. Dr B. A.Viveka Rai and D.Yadupathi Gowda, Mangalore University,1996.
  • Mogaveera Samskriti By Venkataraja Punimchattaya. Karnataka Sahitya Academy.1993.
  • Mugeraru:Jananga Janapada Adhyayana. By Dr Abhaya Kumar Kaukradi.Kannada & Culture Directorate,Bangalore & Karnataka Tulu Academy, Mangalore,1997.
  • Puttubalakeya Pad-danagalu. Ed: Dr B.A.Viveka Rai,Yadupati Gowda and Rajashri, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheswara Tulu Peeta. Mangalore University.2004
  • Se'erige. Ed:Dr K.Chinnapa Gowda.Madipu Prakashana,Mangalagangotri,2000.
  • Studies in Tuluva History and Culture.by Dr P Gururaja Bhat (1975).Milagres College,Kallinapur,Udupi.
  • Taulava Sanskriti by Dr.B.A.Viveka Rai, Sahyadri Prakashana,Mysore 1977
  • TuLu naaDu-nuDi By Dr.PalthaDi Ramakrishna Achar, Puttur.
  • TuLu NighanTu. (Editor in Chief: Dr U.P.Upadhyaya, Govinda Pai Research Centre,Udupi. Six volumes. 1988 to 1997
  • Tulu Patero-A Philology & Grammar of Tulu Language by Budhananda Shivalli.2004.Mandira Prakashana Mangalore. p.317. (The book is in Tulu Language using Kannada script)
  • TuLunadina ShasanagaLa Sanskritika Adhyayana. By Shaila T. Verma (2002) Jnanodaya Prakashana,Bangalore, p.304.(Kannada)
  • Tuluvala Baliyendre. Compiled by N.A.Sheenappa Hegde,Polali,Sri Devi Prakashana,Parkala,1929/1999

A Coastal estuary

A Coastal estuary
Holegadde near Honavar,Uttara Kannada dist, Karnataka

Copy? Right - but kindly remember to acknowledge!

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

" tulu-research.blogspot." ತುಳು ರಿಸರ್ಚ್. ಬ್ಲಾಗ್‌ಸ್ಪಾಟ್‌. ಇನ್

" tulu-research.blogspot."  ತುಳು  ರಿಸರ್ಚ್.  ಬ್ಲಾಗ್‌ಸ್ಪಾಟ್‌. ಇನ್
Have a nice day !