Wednesday, February 21, 2007

6.Bermer II

In response to my blog on Bermer, Manjunath at Incoherent theories suggests that Tulu Bermer (u) was a later adaptation of Brahma in Tulunadu. The Bermer of Tulunadu is not a Boota (spirit) and now is not worshipped like other Gods or Bootas anywhere in the coast regularly. Earlier, the Bermer was definitely a worshipping diety in the early period (ca. 500 BC to 14 Century AD) for Tulu people, as (partly) evident from folklores like that of Koti-Chennaya. With the ascent and dominance of Shiva, Shakthi (Durga) and Krishna cults in Tulunadu, the primal Bermer was slowly forgotten. In many villages, dilapidated and neglected Bermer temples existed until seventies. Subsequently, the title of creator Bermer has been shifted gradually to another powerful concept in Tulunad, Nagaaradhane (Naga worship), and Naga God is often referred to as Naga Bermer.

The available historical data suggests that Brahmins were brought to Tulunadu ca. 4 century AD by Kadamba king Mayura Varma to conduct regular puja ceremonies at temples of Tulunadu. The installation of Shiva temples took place during the period as expounded by Dr.Gururaja Bhat on the basis of dating temple idols. Brahma of later date, a member of Trimurthis, was a four faced creator whereas primal Brahma Tulu/Vedic was a horse riding male God.

The Bermer was worshipped as God of creation by Tulu and other tribes dwelling around Pirak-Mehrgarh areas (dated ca. 1700 BC). At that period the creator must have been visualized (especially by the Tulu tribes) as a heroic male figure straddling on a horse. Mysterious horse figures reported from Pirak archeological sites possibly represent the creator Bermer worshipped by Tulu tribes in that area. Horse was an animal prevalent in that region. It represented power, agile ness, activity and efficiency. (Then horse was not a common animal within India). It is not certain whether the contemporary and coeval Vedic tribes also conceived Brahma as a horse riding God. But the early Vedic texts have attached paramount significance to the concept of the Almighty Brahman. In this regard, the origin of the word ‘Brahma’ (as cited in Incoherent theories) is pertinent.

Br (semetic root) = to create. > creator (Brahma)

Br (Sanskrit) =to expand, swell > brahmanda, expanding universe.

The rivalry between Vedic Aryans and Iranians is documented by Michael Witzel. As a consequence of rivalry between two dominant factions antagonists of Brahmas followers created Abraham, in the same way as Suras had ahura/ asuras pitted against them.

Brahma (Vedic & Tulu tribes) > <>

Blog Archive

Books for Reference

  • A Comparative Study of Tulu Dialects By Dr. Padmanabha Kekunnaya. Govinda Pai Reserach Centre, UDupi. 1994
  • Koti Chennaya: Janapadiya Adhyayana. By Dr. Vamana Nandavar. Hemanshu Prakashana ,Mangalore.2001.
  • Male kudiyaru. Dr B. A.Viveka Rai and D.Yadupathi Gowda, Mangalore University,1996.
  • Mogaveera Samskriti By Venkataraja Punimchattaya. Karnataka Sahitya Academy.1993.
  • Mugeraru:Jananga Janapada Adhyayana. By Dr Abhaya Kumar Kaukradi.Kannada & Culture Directorate,Bangalore & Karnataka Tulu Academy, Mangalore,1997.
  • Puttubalakeya Pad-danagalu. Ed: Dr B.A.Viveka Rai,Yadupati Gowda and Rajashri, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheswara Tulu Peeta. Mangalore University.2004
  • Se'erige. Ed:Dr K.Chinnapa Gowda.Madipu Prakashana,Mangalagangotri,2000.
  • Studies in Tuluva History and Dr P Gururaja Bhat (1975).Milagres College,Kallinapur,Udupi.
  • Taulava Sanskriti by Dr.B.A.Viveka Rai, Sahyadri Prakashana,Mysore 1977
  • TuLu naaDu-nuDi By Dr.PalthaDi Ramakrishna Achar, Puttur.
  • TuLu NighanTu. (Editor in Chief: Dr U.P.Upadhyaya, Govinda Pai Research Centre,Udupi. Six volumes. 1988 to 1997
  • Tulu Patero-A Philology & Grammar of Tulu Language by Budhananda Shivalli.2004.Mandira Prakashana Mangalore. p.317. (The book is in Tulu Language using Kannada script)
  • TuLunadina ShasanagaLa Sanskritika Adhyayana. By Shaila T. Verma (2002) Jnanodaya Prakashana,Bangalore, p.304.(Kannada)
  • Tuluvala Baliyendre. Compiled by N.A.Sheenappa Hegde,Polali,Sri Devi Prakashana,Parkala,1929/1999

A Coastal estuary

A Coastal estuary
Holegadde near Honavar,Uttara Kannada dist, Karnataka

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