Monday, May 25, 2009

186.Traces of common regional lingual history in Tulu place-names

We have pointed out the ubiquity of certain place names and shadow of past tribes in place-names
in earlier Posts. Prefixes and suffixes of place-names give a conspicuous angle for concluding logical meaning of place-names. It is well known that place-names bearing the suffixes like ' Oor / Ur ' are quite rampant throughout India.
Onomasticians try to derive answers to the following three questions about given names: (1) What do they mean? - Their etymology or origin. (2) How they are used in various cultures, and (3) Why some are chosen by parents (and natives in the case of place-names) more often than others.
In a sentimental statement, the English bard's character 'Juliet' can pose a question, "What's in a name? That which we call a rose / By any other name would smell as sweet". Yet, it is some quality that makes names the brocade of that apparel'.
It is a kind of language propriety - with meanings instead of definitions (See our Post-166 - Tulu Onomastics).

Here are some samples of common place name tags encountered in different parts of India :
Prefixes of place-names:
Ad, Ade, Adya, Agad/ Agal, Agar, Al/Ala, Ar/Are, Bel, Er, Mal/ Mala, Mad/ Man,Pa, etc.)

Suffixes of place-names:
Ang/Angadi/Angar, Ar Oor/ur, Od, Odi, Oli,Oni, Ade, Adka, Avar/Avara, Adiri/Adri, Anja/Anje, Ja/Je/Jar Kodi, Kodu/God/Godu, Goli, Gao/Gaum/Gaon, Khed/Kheta, Gal/Kal/Kala, Kona/Kone, Kudru, Kula, Kuru, Vali/Pally/Hally, Maad/Maadi, Mar, Maar, Man/Mannu, Pad/Padi/Haadi, Padpu,padavu,Sar/Se, Wal/Wada etc.)

The Hindu philosophy of 'One extended family of all living beings of The Mother Earth' ('Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam') is manifest in world languages. It is now a foregone conclusion that there had been common lingual cultural history of all world languages and language groups. Philologists of the world are engaged in joint studies to prove the linguistic connections. The legacy of early nomadic tribes of all hues could be interpreted by analyzing word-fossils in global place-names.

Place-names with common prefixes/suffixes

An attempt is made here to list out at random some place-names spread out in different parts of India with common prefix or suffix. Similarity in and repetition of place-names may not be a coincidence. It could be that the subcontinent shared a common lingual heritage during period of history.



Analogous place-names in Tulunadu, rest of Karnataka and Other parts of India

Ad/Ade Adyanadka , Adyar
Addur , Adakur
Adabari (Assam), Adadra (Guj), Adakasupalli (AP), Adalag (Guj), Adalaiyur (TN), Adani Port (Guj), Adanur (TN), Adegaon (MH & MP), Adesar (Guj), Adyar (TN), Adoor (Kerala), Adurpalli (AP), Aduturai
Ag/ agal/ agar Agadi, Agalkera, Agarkhed, Agardahalli
Agadur (AP), Agalgaon (2 - MH), Agali (AP & Kerala),
Agalod (Guj), Aganwada (Guj), Agar (MP), Agaramcheri (TN), Agargaon (MH),
Ala Alupe, Kudala, Bajal,Alangar Alahalli, Alanahalli,Aland, Almel, Almatti,Alnavar,Alur, Ala (MH), Alacode (Kerala), Alagankulan (TN), Alagappanagar (Kerala), Alagawad (Kerala), Alahat (Punjab), Alai (Raj), Alair (AP), Alanalloor (Kerala), Aland (MH), Alandi (MH), Alandurai (TN), Almora (UP-W), Alur (MH, & AP), Alwai (Kar), Alwar (Raj), Alwarkuruchi (TN), Alwaye (Kerala), Talala (Guj), Ambala (Haryana).
Ang/ angadi/ angar Alangar , Belthangadi, Hosangadi Angadi (Guj), Angai (Raj), Angulur (AP), Angamalli (Kerala), Angaon (MH), Angar (MH), Angara (AP), Angare (JRD), Angdare (MH), Angrail (WB), Angal (Orissa), Thondamkulangar (Kerala), Kottamkulangar (Kerala), Kedamgara (Kerala),
Anj/anje/anji Pavanje, Heranje, Innanje, Bannanje.
Deraje,Konaje Idugunji, Anjar (Guj). Panji (Goa), Ghatanji (MH).

Bel/bol Belman, Bellara, Belur, Bolar, Bolur,Beluvai, Belgaum,Belgumba, Biligere, Belur, Belavadi,
Belur (WB), Belpahar(WB),
Dar Daregudde,Darbe,
Bayandar (Mh), Bandar (AP), Vadodara (Guj).
Er Munder
Wankaner (Guj), Bikaner (Rj).
Ela,Eda,Ida,(Yela/Yeda) Elanir, Edathore, Ilakal, Ilawala,Idagunji, Elanthur(Ke),Elanji(Ke),Elanad(Ke) , Edappal(Ke), Elaparu(Ke), Edava(Ke), Edathora(Ke),Idukki,
God/godu/kodu Nadugodu, Kasargodu, Kurugodu, Handigodu, Balegodu Godu(Rj),
Gal/kal Parkala,Kodikal,Ninthikal,Yenakal Anekal Anekal (KL),Kodangal (AP), Parkal (AP),
Ida,Ila Iddya, Idagunji,Ilawala Illol(Mh)Idaiyur(Tn),Idagoan(Mh),
Ira,Irava Ira, Iruvattur,Irde, Iruvail, Irala, Irkasandra,
Irgamapalli Irali(Mh), Iraviputtur(Tn),
Ja/ je Jarkala,
Andinje, Heranje,Sampaje,
Karje, Karinje, Talaja (Guj), Taloja (MH),
jar Mijar, Kanajar Jhajjar (Haryana),
Kadiri Kadiri Kadiri (AP),
Kem Kemman,Kemral,Kemminje Kenchikere, Kembhavi, Kempanahalli,Kemmanugundi, Kenthorai(Tn) Kenjakura(WB),
Kula/kola/gula/gola Kula, Pilikula, Arkula, Belagola, Lalgola(WB), Bhagvangola(WB)
Kuru/ kur Nandikuru, Mundukur Kurugodu, Kuruvatti Kandukuru(AP), Kurukshetra(HP),
Koda Kodangal,Kodavur,Kodapadavu, Kodaganur, Kodai(Mh),Koda(AP),Kodannur(Ke),Koduvai(Tn),Kodur(AP),
Kota/ kote Kota,Kotepura,Kotekar, Kote,Tekkalakota,Talikota
Kota(Chattisgarh,Rajasthan),Sriharikota(AP)
Kona/ kone Padukone, Koni,Kambadakone Konandur,
Kanakona(Goa),Konark(Or),Konambe(Mh),Konavattam (Tn),
Mar/ Mara Maravur, Marodi, Markanja,Maroli,Maravanthe,Maroor.Marne, Marenahalli,
Marathahalli ,Marasandra, Maragodu,Markuli,
Margutti,
Margaon(Goa),Marmagoa,(Goa),Marena, Maragram(Raj),Marayoor(Ke),Marur(Tn),Maruvattur(Tn)
Odi/Oni/Oli Niddodi, Ujjodi,
Bajjodi,Maroli, Kudroli, Donimalai,
Adoni (AP), Akola (MH), Kannod (MP), Kannodi (MP), Dapoli (MH), Hingoli (MH),
Oor/ur Barkur,Mangalur, Ellur,Puttur, Baindur Mysore, Bengalur, Kittur,, Chittoor (AP &Raj), Elluru (AP), Puttur (AP), Tanjavur(Tn),

sar Saravu, Sarapadi, Sarave, Amritsar(Pu),Soodsar
Yala,Yela,Yeda Yelattur,Yedamavinahalli,Yadapadavu, Yelahanka, Yelandur,Yadagondanahalli,Yadiyur Yercad(Tn),Yedathadka(Ke),

The information enlisted above is by no means complete. It is only an attempt to collate introductory level of data relating to analogous place names. Readers are requested to trace out such common threads of lingual history and put in their comments.

-Hosabettu Viswanath & Ravi

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Books for Reference

  • A Comparative Study of Tulu Dialects By Dr. Padmanabha Kekunnaya. Govinda Pai Reserach Centre, UDupi. 1994
  • Koti Chennaya: Janapadiya Adhyayana. By Dr. Vamana Nandavar. Hemanshu Prakashana ,Mangalore.2001.
  • Male kudiyaru. Dr B. A.Viveka Rai and D.Yadupathi Gowda, Mangalore University,1996.
  • Mogaveera Samskriti By Venkataraja Punimchattaya. Karnataka Sahitya Academy.1993.
  • Mugeraru:Jananga Janapada Adhyayana. By Dr Abhaya Kumar Kaukradi.Kannada & Culture Directorate,Bangalore & Karnataka Tulu Academy, Mangalore,1997.
  • Puttubalakeya Pad-danagalu. Ed: Dr B.A.Viveka Rai,Yadupati Gowda and Rajashri, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheswara Tulu Peeta. Mangalore University.2004
  • Se'erige. Ed:Dr K.Chinnapa Gowda.Madipu Prakashana,Mangalagangotri,2000.
  • Studies in Tuluva History and Culture.by Dr P Gururaja Bhat (1975).Milagres College,Kallinapur,Udupi.
  • Taulava Sanskriti by Dr.B.A.Viveka Rai, Sahyadri Prakashana,Mysore 1977
  • TuLu naaDu-nuDi By Dr.PalthaDi Ramakrishna Achar, Puttur.
  • TuLu NighanTu. (Editor in Chief: Dr U.P.Upadhyaya, Govinda Pai Research Centre,Udupi. Six volumes. 1988 to 1997
  • Tulu Patero-A Philology & Grammar of Tulu Language by Budhananda Shivalli.2004.Mandira Prakashana Mangalore. p.317. (The book is in Tulu Language using Kannada script)
  • TuLunadina ShasanagaLa Sanskritika Adhyayana. By Shaila T. Verma (2002) Jnanodaya Prakashana,Bangalore, p.304.(Kannada)
  • Tuluvala Baliyendre. Compiled by N.A.Sheenappa Hegde,Polali,Sri Devi Prakashana,Parkala,1929/1999

A Coastal estuary

A Coastal estuary
Holegadde near Honavar,Uttara Kannada dist, Karnataka

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