We have pointed out the ubiquity of certain place names and shadow of past tribes in place-names
in earlier Posts. Prefixes and suffixes of place-names give a conspicuous angle for concluding logical meaning of place-names. It is well known that place-names bearing the suffixes like ' Oor / Ur ' are quite rampant throughout India.
Onomasticians try to derive answers to the following three questions about given names: (1) What do they mean? - Their etymology or origin. (2) How they are used in various cultures, and (3) Why some are chosen by parents (and natives in the case of place-names) more often than others.
In a sentimental statement, the English bard's character 'Juliet' can pose a question, "What's in a name? That which we call a rose / By any other name would smell as sweet". Yet, it is some quality that makes names the brocade of that apparel'.
It is a kind of language propriety - with meanings instead of definitions (See our Post-166 - Tulu Onomastics).
Here are some samples of common place name tags encountered in different parts of India :
Prefixes of place-names:
Ad, Ade, Adya, Agad/ Agal, Agar, Al/Ala, Ar/Are, Bel, Er, Mal/ Mala, Mad/ Man,Pa, etc.)
Suffixes of place-names:
Ang/Angadi/Angar, Ar Oor/ur, Od, Odi, Oli,Oni, Ade, Adka, Avar/Avara, Adiri/Adri, Anja/Anje, Ja/Je/Jar Kodi, Kodu/God/Godu, Goli, Gao/Gaum/Gaon, Khed/Kheta, Gal/Kal/Kala, Kona/Kone, Kudru, Kula, Kuru, Vali/Pally/Hally, Maad/Maadi, Mar, Maar, Man/Mannu, Pad/Padi/Haadi, Padpu,padavu,Sar/Se, Wal/Wada etc.)
The Hindu philosophy of 'One extended family of all living beings of The Mother Earth' ('Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam') is manifest in world languages. It is now a foregone conclusion that there had been common lingual cultural history of all world languages and language groups. Philologists of the world are engaged in joint studies to prove the linguistic connections. The legacy of early nomadic tribes of all hues could be interpreted by analyzing word-fossils in global place-names.
Place-names with common prefixes/suffixes
An attempt is made here to list out at random some place-names spread out in different parts of India with common prefix or suffix. Similarity in and repetition of place-names may not be a coincidence. It could be that the subcontinent shared a common lingual heritage during period of history.
Analogous place-names in Tulunadu, rest of Karnataka and Other parts of India
Ad/Ade Adyanadka , Adyar
Addur , Adakur
Adabari (Assam), Adadra (Guj), Adakasupalli (AP), Adalag (Guj), Adalaiyur (TN), Adani Port (Guj), Adanur (TN), Adegaon (MH & MP), Adesar (Guj), Adyar (TN), Adoor (Kerala), Adurpalli (AP), Aduturai
Ag/ agal/ agar Agadi, Agalkera, Agarkhed, Agardahalli
Agadur (AP), Agalgaon (2 - MH), Agali (AP & Kerala),
Agalod (Guj), Aganwada (Guj), Agar (MP), Agaramcheri (TN), Agargaon (MH),
Ala Alupe, Kudala, Bajal,Alangar Alahalli, Alanahalli,Aland, Almel, Almatti,Alnavar,Alur, Ala (MH), Alacode (Kerala), Alagankulan (TN), Alagappanagar (Kerala), Alagawad (Kerala), Alahat (Punjab), Alai (Raj), Alair (AP), Alanalloor (Kerala), Aland (MH), Alandi (MH), Alandurai (TN), Almora (UP-W), Alur (MH, & AP), Alwai (Kar), Alwar (Raj), Alwarkuruchi (TN), Alwaye (Kerala), Talala (Guj), Ambala (Haryana).
Ang/ angadi/ angar Alangar , Belthangadi, Hosangadi Angadi (Guj), Angai (Raj), Angulur (AP), Angamalli (Kerala), Angaon (MH), Angar (MH), Angara (AP), Angare (JRD), Angdare (MH), Angrail (WB), Angal (Orissa), Thondamkulangar (Kerala), Kottamkulangar (Kerala), Kedamgara (Kerala),
Anj/anje/anji Pavanje, Heranje, Innanje, Bannanje.
Deraje,Konaje Idugunji, Anjar (Guj). Panji (Goa), Ghatanji (MH).
Bel/bol Belman, Bellara, Belur, Bolar, Bolur,Beluvai, Belgaum,Belgumba, Biligere, Belur, Belavadi,
Belur (WB), Belpahar(WB),
Bayandar (Mh), Bandar (AP), Vadodara (Guj).
Wankaner (Guj), Bikaner (Rj).
Ela,Eda,Ida,(Yela/Yeda) Elanir, Edathore, Ilakal, Ilawala,Idagunji, Elanthur(Ke),Elanji(Ke),Elanad(Ke) , Edappal(Ke), Elaparu(Ke), Edava(Ke), Edathora(Ke),Idukki,
God/godu/kodu Nadugodu, Kasargodu, Kurugodu, Handigodu, Balegodu Godu(Rj),
Gal/kal Parkala,Kodikal,Ninthikal,Yenakal Anekal Anekal (KL),Kodangal (AP), Parkal (AP),
Ida,Ila Iddya, Idagunji,Ilawala Illol(Mh)Idaiyur(Tn),Idagoan(Mh),
Ira,Irava Ira, Iruvattur,Irde, Iruvail, Irala, Irkasandra,
Irgamapalli Irali(Mh), Iraviputtur(Tn),
Ja/ je Jarkala,
Karje, Karinje, Talaja (Guj), Taloja (MH),
jar Mijar, Kanajar Jhajjar (Haryana),
Kadiri Kadiri Kadiri (AP),
Kem Kemman,Kemral,Kemminje Kenchikere, Kembhavi, Kempanahalli,Kemmanugundi, Kenthorai(Tn) Kenjakura(WB),
Kula/kola/gula/gola Kula, Pilikula, Arkula, Belagola, Lalgola(WB), Bhagvangola(WB)
Kuru/ kur Nandikuru, Mundukur Kurugodu, Kuruvatti Kandukuru(AP), Kurukshetra(HP),
Koda Kodangal,Kodavur,Kodapadavu, Kodaganur, Kodai(Mh),Koda(AP),Kodannur(Ke),Koduvai(Tn),Kodur(AP),
Kota/ kote Kota,Kotepura,Kotekar, Kote,Tekkalakota,Talikota
Kona/ kone Padukone, Koni,Kambadakone Konandur,
Mar/ Mara Maravur, Marodi, Markanja,Maroli,Maravanthe,Maroor.Marne, Marenahalli,
Marathahalli ,Marasandra, Maragodu,Markuli,
Odi/Oni/Oli Niddodi, Ujjodi,
Bajjodi,Maroli, Kudroli, Donimalai,
Adoni (AP), Akola (MH), Kannod (MP), Kannodi (MP), Dapoli (MH), Hingoli (MH),
Oor/ur Barkur,Mangalur, Ellur,Puttur, Baindur Mysore, Bengalur, Kittur,, Chittoor (AP &Raj), Elluru (AP), Puttur (AP), Tanjavur(Tn),
sar Saravu, Sarapadi, Sarave, Amritsar(Pu),Soodsar
Yala,Yela,Yeda Yelattur,Yedamavinahalli,Yadapadavu, Yelahanka, Yelandur,Yadagondanahalli,Yadiyur Yercad(Tn),Yedathadka(Ke),
The information enlisted above is by no means complete. It is only an attempt to collate introductory level of data relating to analogous place names. Readers are requested to trace out such common threads of lingual history and put in their comments.
-Hosabettu Viswanath & Ravi
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