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380. Antiquity of iDli

The Idli being a steam cooked dish made of ground and fermented paste of rice and black gram can be considered as one of the healthiest ...

Friday, April 28, 2017

383. Bobrudeva in Bobruwada

The West Coast of India especially the Uttara Kannada district, shares several aspects of cultural history and evolution with Dakshina Kannada - Udupi ( literally, Tulunadu) though language differs in these region. The features of  worshipping ancient Spirit forms and other tribal deities has been a common phenomenon, though vestiges of ancient cults are gradually undergoing changes or evolution in the course of time.

In the post 381 we discussed about the character of   Babru- vāhana that has appeared in the epic Mahabharata.

In the suburb of Ankola town in Uttara Kannada district, we can find a village known as “Bobru-Wāda”. One of the interesting features of this village is a temple dedicated to “Bobru-deva”.  
Bobrudeva, idol at Bobruwada, Ankola.

Entrance to the temple of Bobrudeva, Bobruwada, Ankola

The temple houses a black   idol of Bobru-deva in sitting posture. The people around told that the new idol was installed about six years ago. The earlier image had a ferocious façade like those of rakshas characters; but the present idol has a pleasant face.

It appears that Bobru was a martyred hero, who was worshipped as a spirit after his lifetime. In the rural tribal people of the region, the Bobru, and Babri etc are known to be the common names, though nowadays the trends are changing in favor of modern style personal names.

In Tulunadu, Bobbarya is a well known Spirit deity. The origin of the name of the Spirit Bobbarya has been obscure and controversial. One gets a feeling whether the name Bobbarya  was derived from or related to the tribal name of Bobru or the Bobba.

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Books for Reference

  • A Comparative Study of Tulu Dialects By Dr. Padmanabha Kekunnaya. Govinda Pai Reserach Centre, UDupi. 1994
  • Koti Chennaya: Janapadiya Adhyayana. By Dr. Vamana Nandavar. Hemanshu Prakashana ,Mangalore.2001.
  • Male kudiyaru. Dr B. A.Viveka Rai and D.Yadupathi Gowda, Mangalore University,1996.
  • Mogaveera Samskriti By Venkataraja Punimchattaya. Karnataka Sahitya Academy.1993.
  • Mugeraru:Jananga Janapada Adhyayana. By Dr Abhaya Kumar Kaukradi.Kannada & Culture Directorate,Bangalore & Karnataka Tulu Academy, Mangalore,1997.
  • Puttubalakeya Pad-danagalu. Ed: Dr B.A.Viveka Rai,Yadupati Gowda and Rajashri, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheswara Tulu Peeta. Mangalore University.2004
  • Se'erige. Ed:Dr K.Chinnapa Gowda.Madipu Prakashana,Mangalagangotri,2000.
  • Studies in Tuluva History and Culture.by Dr P Gururaja Bhat (1975).Milagres College,Kallinapur,Udupi.
  • Taulava Sanskriti by Dr.B.A.Viveka Rai, Sahyadri Prakashana,Mysore 1977
  • TuLu naaDu-nuDi By Dr.PalthaDi Ramakrishna Achar, Puttur.
  • TuLu NighanTu. (Editor in Chief: Dr U.P.Upadhyaya, Govinda Pai Research Centre,Udupi. Six volumes. 1988 to 1997
  • Tulu Patero-A Philology & Grammar of Tulu Language by Budhananda Shivalli.2004.Mandira Prakashana Mangalore. p.317. (The book is in Tulu Language using Kannada script)
  • TuLunadina ShasanagaLa Sanskritika Adhyayana. By Shaila T. Verma (2002) Jnanodaya Prakashana,Bangalore, p.304.(Kannada)
  • Tuluvala Baliyendre. Compiled by N.A.Sheenappa Hegde,Polali,Sri Devi Prakashana,Parkala,1929/1999

A Coastal estuary

A Coastal estuary
Holegadde near Honavar,Uttara Kannada dist, Karnataka

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