The bootha (spirit deity) shrines worshipped by Tulu people consist of small single room structures called ‘
Thus the bari/bali lineage system is common to people of West coast irrespective of the regional languages, Kannada Tulu or Malayalam.
Many of the
All the lineage surnames may not be of single generation. There could be several generation of lineages as result of resettling of people.
Manjunath reports that Tulu baris have equivalent but different maternal lineage or ‘tavazhi’(
Thus overall it appears that these coastal tribes Halakkis, Tulus and Malayalis came from north before settling in the west coast. They share similar lineage characters, the lineage names mostly being derived from the place of their settlement. Besides lineage, they also share the concept of ancient Brahma worship. Halakkis and others in Uttara Kannada call it ‘Bommaya devaru’, Tulu people call it ‘Bermer’ or ‘Bermeru’. The Bommaya devaru is an image of horse mounted soldier like Bermer of the Tulu people.