Monday, April 30, 2012

300. Hangarakatta

Hangarkatta is a coastal place on the bank of Seetha River in Kundapur Taluk, Udupi District. It was a marine trading port once upon a time. The place name may evoke several emotions regarding its obscure remote origin without any definitive answers. Because it is one of the familiar but odd sounding place names that have African descent in the remote past. It is peg defining the process of ancient migration of  human tribes from parts of Africa to India.
The place names such as Hangar, Hangalur, Hanga, Hangal etc clearly indicate some common elemental tribal name behind them. And this tribal name can be  traced back up to Africa. And incidentally it summarizes the facts codified under the Evolution and Journey of Man by renowned geneticists.

Hanga tribes
Hanga tribes, speaking a dialect known as Hanga are presently natives of Ghana in Africa. Some of the Hanga variants known as Angbaw are natives of Congo in Africa. The place names in Karavali and other parts of India trace the ancient migration paths of Hanga tribes in this part of the globe. There are no trace of Hanga tribes in Karavali Tulunadu. They have been well absorbed into the folds of coastal and interior communities in the course of time.
Thus, Hangarkatta (Hangara+katte, platform of Hanga tribes) is a village square named after the Hanga tribes settled in that area in the remote past. A 'katte' (pron: kaTTe) is a traditional raised platform built around and under the shade of  a large tree. Such 'katte' were used for rural transactions, meetings,courts or tax collection purposes in the antiquity. The Hangara-katte is also known as port town in the history.
Another place named after Hanga tribes lies close to Kundapur and is known as Hangalur  (Hangala+ oor) or the village of Hanga tribes.
Hangal, Hanagal
Film Artiste A.K. Hangal has popularized the place name Hangal in Maharastra. Similarly, Hanagal in Dharwad district could be a place name modified with passage of time from the original name of Hangal.
There is a place in Maharastra, simply called Hanga.
There is a place called Hangara (also known as  Khangara) in Afghanistan.


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Books for Reference

  • A Comparative Study of Tulu Dialects By Dr. Padmanabha Kekunnaya. Govinda Pai Reserach Centre, UDupi. 1994
  • Koti Chennaya: Janapadiya Adhyayana. By Dr. Vamana Nandavar. Hemanshu Prakashana ,Mangalore.2001.
  • Male kudiyaru. Dr B. A.Viveka Rai and D.Yadupathi Gowda, Mangalore University,1996.
  • Mogaveera Samskriti By Venkataraja Punimchattaya. Karnataka Sahitya Academy.1993.
  • Mugeraru:Jananga Janapada Adhyayana. By Dr Abhaya Kumar Kaukradi.Kannada & Culture Directorate,Bangalore & Karnataka Tulu Academy, Mangalore,1997.
  • Puttubalakeya Pad-danagalu. Ed: Dr B.A.Viveka Rai,Yadupati Gowda and Rajashri, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheswara Tulu Peeta. Mangalore University.2004
  • Se'erige. Ed:Dr K.Chinnapa Gowda.Madipu Prakashana,Mangalagangotri,2000.
  • Studies in Tuluva History and Dr P Gururaja Bhat (1975).Milagres College,Kallinapur,Udupi.
  • Taulava Sanskriti by Dr.B.A.Viveka Rai, Sahyadri Prakashana,Mysore 1977
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  • TuLu NighanTu. (Editor in Chief: Dr U.P.Upadhyaya, Govinda Pai Research Centre,Udupi. Six volumes. 1988 to 1997
  • Tulu Patero-A Philology & Grammar of Tulu Language by Budhananda Shivalli.2004.Mandira Prakashana Mangalore. p.317. (The book is in Tulu Language using Kannada script)
  • TuLunadina ShasanagaLa Sanskritika Adhyayana. By Shaila T. Verma (2002) Jnanodaya Prakashana,Bangalore, p.304.(Kannada)
  • Tuluvala Baliyendre. Compiled by N.A.Sheenappa Hegde,Polali,Sri Devi Prakashana,Parkala,1929/1999

A Coastal estuary

A Coastal estuary
Holegadde near Honavar,Uttara Kannada dist, Karnataka

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