Saturday, January 12, 2008

72. Tiruvail



Tulu people in the past history have paid devoted attention to their natural geographic environs and the changes in it. Changes in the natural river morphology have been recorded and preserved for posterity in the respective place names, in the sheer absence of written historical records or popular epigraphs. The village name ‘Tiruvail’ represents one such documentation of the natural phenomenon of historical drift in the drainage course of the River Gurupur (or Phalguni).
Tir(g)-voil
The name Tiru-vail appears like a name of Tamil origin for casual glance, something like Tiru Vale. (‘Tiru’ in Tamil represents the title ‘Shri’ and the Tamil word ‘Vale’ stands for ‘lance’ as in Velayuda. However, this may not be Shri lance as it appears.)
Geological evidences collated (by this author) reveal that River Gurpur was flowing in the Tiruvail -Vamanjoor - Kudupu valley during the Alupa period. Sometime in the early centuries of the Christian Era due to earth movements, the River Gurupur abruptly changed the orientation of its flow-path and began flowing along westerly course. The people living at that time in the area recognized this event and renamed the area as Tirugina voil or Tir-voil. The Tulu compound word Tiruvoil can be split as follows: Drifted/Turned(= Tirgina/Tirchina) + Flow (=Voi) of + the River (=Al).The Tulu word ‘voi-il’ (<. voi+al ) is normally used to describe the river flow.
Old river valley
The old fluvial course of the River Gurupur(shown in light blue shade in the above map)has totally dried up now and the only evidence remaining is that of a beautiful old river valley abandoned by the former course, but the name 'Tir(g)-Voil' still remains for the posterity to be reminded of the past historical event.
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Books for Reference

  • A Comparative Study of Tulu Dialects By Dr. Padmanabha Kekunnaya. Govinda Pai Reserach Centre, UDupi. 1994
  • Koti Chennaya: Janapadiya Adhyayana. By Dr. Vamana Nandavar. Hemanshu Prakashana ,Mangalore.2001.
  • Male kudiyaru. Dr B. A.Viveka Rai and D.Yadupathi Gowda, Mangalore University,1996.
  • Mogaveera Samskriti By Venkataraja Punimchattaya. Karnataka Sahitya Academy.1993.
  • Mugeraru:Jananga Janapada Adhyayana. By Dr Abhaya Kumar Kaukradi.Kannada & Culture Directorate,Bangalore & Karnataka Tulu Academy, Mangalore,1997.
  • Puttubalakeya Pad-danagalu. Ed: Dr B.A.Viveka Rai,Yadupati Gowda and Rajashri, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheswara Tulu Peeta. Mangalore University.2004
  • Se'erige. Ed:Dr K.Chinnapa Gowda.Madipu Prakashana,Mangalagangotri,2000.
  • Studies in Tuluva History and Culture.by Dr P Gururaja Bhat (1975).Milagres College,Kallinapur,Udupi.
  • Taulava Sanskriti by Dr.B.A.Viveka Rai, Sahyadri Prakashana,Mysore 1977
  • TuLu naaDu-nuDi By Dr.PalthaDi Ramakrishna Achar, Puttur.
  • TuLu NighanTu. (Editor in Chief: Dr U.P.Upadhyaya, Govinda Pai Research Centre,Udupi. Six volumes. 1988 to 1997
  • Tulu Patero-A Philology & Grammar of Tulu Language by Budhananda Shivalli.2004.Mandira Prakashana Mangalore. p.317. (The book is in Tulu Language using Kannada script)
  • TuLunadina ShasanagaLa Sanskritika Adhyayana. By Shaila T. Verma (2002) Jnanodaya Prakashana,Bangalore, p.304.(Kannada)
  • Tuluvala Baliyendre. Compiled by N.A.Sheenappa Hegde,Polali,Sri Devi Prakashana,Parkala,1929/1999

A Coastal estuary

A Coastal estuary
Holegadde near Honavar,Uttara Kannada dist, Karnataka

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