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380. Antiquity of iDli

The Idli being a steam cooked dish made of ground and fermented paste of rice and black gram can be considered as one of the healthiest ...

Wednesday, January 16, 2008

ABSTRACTS

1.The early Tulu tribes originated in northern Africa, under adverse environmental conditions migrated (c.2000 BC) and settled at Pirak in central Asia (upto c.800 BC) and further migrated to the present Tulunad where they eventually assimilated with the pre-existing early Munda tribes.
The outlined coeval history is also shared by the other early South Dravidian sister tribes like Tamils,Kannadas and Malayalees.

2.The Karavali (and major part of southern India) displays vestiges of an older substratum of early Munda lingual and cultural heritage that eventually merged with the immigrant early Tulu (and early Dravidian) lingual-cultural phase around ca. 400-700BC.

3.The Karavali (and major part of southern India) displays vestiges of an older substratum of early Munda lingual and cultural heritage that eventually merged with the immigrant early Tulu (and early Dravidian) lingual-cultural phase around ca. 400-700BC.

4.Vestiges of Buddhism (ca. 300BC-1100 CE) that eventually fused into Shaiva cults, can be recognised in Karavali/Tulunadu and mainland areas of Karnataka.
The Natha cult, expressive in Kadire, Mangalore, (ca.9 to 10 century CE) possibly initiated the process of fusion of Mahayana - Vajrayana Buddhism with Shaiva philosophies in this part of India.

5. The period of Kadamba rule centered on Banavasi (Uttara Kannada) introduced the Temple culture in Tulunadu with accent on the worship of present mainstream Hindu deities like Subramanya,Shiva, Ganapati, Shakti/Durga Devi and Vishnu/Krishna etc.

6.Many of the older words in Tulu constitute verbal fossils of past history and culture. Analysis of some of the village names throw light on some of the extinct or assimilated tribes that inhabited this region in the past.

7.Alupa kings possibly hailed from the village called Alupe, near Mangalore. They were Pandi cargo boat-owners (Pandia) who amassed wealth and consequently acquired the title 'Shri Pandya Dhananjaya'.

8.Tulu language has preserved numerous ancient words in the place-names that have analogous old words in other parts of India. Detailed study and analyses of these words would help understand the early evolution of languages in India in a better perspective.
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Books for Reference

  • A Comparative Study of Tulu Dialects By Dr. Padmanabha Kekunnaya. Govinda Pai Reserach Centre, UDupi. 1994
  • Koti Chennaya: Janapadiya Adhyayana. By Dr. Vamana Nandavar. Hemanshu Prakashana ,Mangalore.2001.
  • Male kudiyaru. Dr B. A.Viveka Rai and D.Yadupathi Gowda, Mangalore University,1996.
  • Mogaveera Samskriti By Venkataraja Punimchattaya. Karnataka Sahitya Academy.1993.
  • Mugeraru:Jananga Janapada Adhyayana. By Dr Abhaya Kumar Kaukradi.Kannada & Culture Directorate,Bangalore & Karnataka Tulu Academy, Mangalore,1997.
  • Puttubalakeya Pad-danagalu. Ed: Dr B.A.Viveka Rai,Yadupati Gowda and Rajashri, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheswara Tulu Peeta. Mangalore University.2004
  • Se'erige. Ed:Dr K.Chinnapa Gowda.Madipu Prakashana,Mangalagangotri,2000.
  • Studies in Tuluva History and Culture.by Dr P Gururaja Bhat (1975).Milagres College,Kallinapur,Udupi.
  • Taulava Sanskriti by Dr.B.A.Viveka Rai, Sahyadri Prakashana,Mysore 1977
  • TuLu naaDu-nuDi By Dr.PalthaDi Ramakrishna Achar, Puttur.
  • TuLu NighanTu. (Editor in Chief: Dr U.P.Upadhyaya, Govinda Pai Research Centre,Udupi. Six volumes. 1988 to 1997
  • Tulu Patero-A Philology & Grammar of Tulu Language by Budhananda Shivalli.2004.Mandira Prakashana Mangalore. p.317. (The book is in Tulu Language using Kannada script)
  • TuLunadina ShasanagaLa Sanskritika Adhyayana. By Shaila T. Verma (2002) Jnanodaya Prakashana,Bangalore, p.304.(Kannada)
  • Tuluvala Baliyendre. Compiled by N.A.Sheenappa Hegde,Polali,Sri Devi Prakashana,Parkala,1929/1999

A Coastal estuary

A Coastal estuary
Holegadde near Honavar,Uttara Kannada dist, Karnataka

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